Foot Cramps Are Painful but Preventable
Whether in your foot or elsewhere, a cramp is an involuntary spasm of one or more muscles. They are typically intensely painful, but brief, and can leave lingering feelings of discomfort. In the feet and legs, cramps commonly occur in the arch but can also happen in the toes or even in the calf.
Anyone can get cramps, but they are particularly common among athletes, women, and people over 60. Cramps occur due to a variety of causes, including:
low levels of potassium, calcium, and/or other vitamins and minerals
medication side effects
excessive calcium intake
If a cramp occurs, try to stand and walk briefly if you can. A change in position will often be enough to stop the cramp. If that doesn’t do it, apply warm compresses and wait. The cramp will stop on its own soon enough. If pain lingers, an over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen will ease your discomfort.
You can take steps to prevent and minimize foot cramps. Here are some suggestions from Dr. Boris Abramov and Dr. Tatyana Abramova:
Eat a balanced diet, rich in vitamins and minerals. Many patients report that eating a banana every day is helpful, as they are high in potassium.
Keep muscles warm, especially in the evening. Take a warm bath before bed.
Drink plenty of water before, during, and after exercise.
Avoid pointing your toes while stretching.
If you’re having a problem with foot cramps, or if you have any other concern about the health and well-being of your feet, ankles, or lower legs, you should see your foot doctor as soon as possible. With years of specialized training and experience, a board-certified podiatrist like Boris Abramov, DPM and Tatyana Abramova, DPM can help you with examination, diagnosis, and the creation of an individualized and effective plan for treatment and ongoing care.