Pronation and Supination


It’s common for patients to come to Abramov’s Comprehensive Foot Care complaining of foot, ankle, or leg pain that can be attributed to overpronation or oversupination. The terms pronation and supination refer to the foot’s natural inward and outward movements when standing, walking, or running. Pronation and supination make it possible for the feet and ankles to function. When your feet pronate or supinate more than they should, subtle changes in posture or gait occur and foot pain can result.

What is Pronation?

Pronation is the foot’s tendency to roll inward toward the big toe side of the foot. Overpronation is often related to the shape of the arch. People with flat feet are more likely to overpronate than others. Men and women who overpronate are more at risk of other chronic foot conditions including Achilles tendonitis, plantar fasciitis, and bunions. Runners and other athletes are at particular risk of these complications.

What is Supination?

Put simply, supination is the opposite of pronation. It occurs as the foot rolls toward its outer edge. Both pronation and supination are necessary, natural components of balancing and walking. Oversupination is an excessive outward rolling. It often accompanies high arches and can place strain on the ankles and smaller toes.

If you’re experiencing pain in your feet or ankles, the first step toward feeling better is to schedule an appointment with your foot doctor. With years of specialized training and experience, your board-certified podiatrist is a medical specialist and the best-qualified doctor to help you. Your visit will begin with a thorough examination that might include imaging tests such as x-rays and will conclude with an accurate diagnosis that will drive an effective treatment plan. In many cases, the discomfort of overpronation or overpronation can be resolved with non-invasive techniques including medication for pain and swelling and custom orthotics to provide cushioning and support.

If you suspect that you are experiencing overpronation or oversupination, or if you have any other concerns about the health and well-being of your feet, ankles, or lower legs, call Abramov’s Comprehensive Foot Care at 443-872-7052 or click here to see Dr. Boris Abramov and Dr. Tatyana Abramova in our modern, comfortable Pikesville office today.