The Anatomy of the Foot

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Your feet are intricate structures made of 26 bones, 33 joints, 19 muscles and 107 ligaments. They are similar in anatomy to your hands but, because they bear the weight of the body, they are more susceptible to injury. 

  • The first region of the foot is called the forefoot. It contains the five toes, which are made of 14 bones called phalanges, and the five metatarsal bones, the longest bones in your foot. With so many bones, it’s no wonder that breaking a toe is such a common injury.

  • The midfoot contains the most bones. These include the three cuneiform bones, the cuboid bone, and the navicular bone. They are arranged into a pyramid shape that forms your arch. Of course, when that pyramid is too high, or when that arch collapses, foot pain results.

  • The third region of the foot is the hind foot. It includes the tarsal bones, the talus bone, and the calcaneus – your heel bone and the largest bone in your foot. 

Some of the bones in your feet provide structural support. Others create functionality. Working together, they allow for balance, standing upright, walking, and running. There is also an abundance of soft tissue in your feet, including:

  • ligaments, strong connective tissue connecting bones to other bones

  • muscles, which hold the bones of the foot together and allow the foot to move

  • tendons, flexible connective tissues that connect muscles to bones

  • nerves, which allow for sensation and control muscles

  • veins and arteries that provide blood supply to the area

When everything works together, the foot functions correctly. When one part becomes damaged, it can affect every other part of the foot and create chronic foot pain. 

Do you have a concern about any part of your foot, ankle, or lower leg? With years of specialized training and experience, podiatrists like Dr. Boris Abramov and Dr. Tatyana Abramova are the best-qualified medical professionals to help you. Call Abramov’s Comprehensive Foot Care at 443-872-7052 or click here to schedule a convenient appointment in our comfortable Pikesville office today.